Log In
  Create an account
Your Home
Log Out
 
 
 
English

- Home
- Top 10
- Topics
- Submit News
- Search
- English Forums
- English Members
- Reviews
- Private Messages
- Survey
- Journal
- Stories Archive
- Content
- Web Links
- Downloads
- FAQ
- Recommend Us
- Encyclopedia


Random Headlines


Muslim Women - Their Lives And Families
[ Muslim Women - Their Lives And Families ]

·What A Woman Wears Is A Woman's Choice
·World Hijab Day Takes On Renewed Significance In The Age Of Trump
·Women Are Tearing Down The Walls That Divide Us
·Why These Minnesota Muslim Women Are Dedicated To Wearing Their Hijabs
·Ilhan Omar becomes first Somali American legislator in the US
·Deputy leader of Britain First guilty over verbal abuse of Muslim woman
·Burkini: How A Swimsuit Has Brought The Rule Of Law To Sink On French Beaches
·Why These Minnesota Muslim Women Are Dedicated To Wearing Their Hijabs
·Some Muslim Women Are Taking Self-Defense Into Their Own Hands

Who's Online

This Hour, There Are Online With Yourself 2 Guest(s) And 3 Member(s) Including Members Of The Awqaf. To See Which Other Member(s) Online With You Click Here

You Are Anonymous User. You Can Register For Free By Clicking Here

Search




Categories Menu

There Isn't Content Right Now For You Because You Are Not A Registered Or Subscribed User Yet. To Have Access To Contents Here, You Need To Register Free Or Subscribe First.

Login

Nickname

Password

Don't Have An Account Yet? You Can Create One. As A Registered User You Have Some Advantages Like Theme Manager, Comments Configuration And Post Comments With Your Name.

Big Story of Today

There Isn't A Biggest Story Here For You Right Now Because You Are Not A Registered Or Subscribed User Yet. Sign Up Now!

Old Articles

Wednesday, September 04
· Islamophobia Prevents UK Muslims From Succeeding At Work: The British Anti-Islam
· Take Away Aung San Suu Kyi's Nobel Peace Prize - She No Longer Deserves It
· American Muslims Are At The Crossroads: Addressing Islamophobic Hate In America
· Rohingya Muslims: World's Most Persecuted Minority - Myanmar Genocide
· The 'Israelisation' Illusion and 'Israeli Arabs' Propaganda:
· Regime Change In Iran Does Not Equal War In Iran: Exterminating Khomieni Terror
· First Victims Of Trump's New Strategy: America's Afghanistan Nightmare
· Anti-Muslim Violence Is Everywhere—Except in the American Media
· Iran militia threatens U.S. troops in aftermath of ISIS defeat in Iraq
· Grave Threat to the Survival of the Burmese Muslims
· UAE says Iran is aiming for Arab 'chaos': U.A.E. crackdown on Iranian
· Solidarity Between Rohingya Muslims And Turks Dates Back To WWI, Deputy PM Says
· The Life of Abu Qasura Kanakari of Jaysh Khalid bin al-Waleed
· Sixteen Years After 9/11, Iran Remains A Threat To America
· How To Counter Colonial Myths About Muslim Arrival In Sindh
· Hezbollat and the Popular Mobilization versus the Armies of Lebanon and Iraq
· Hajj Agents Face Penalties From Saudi Disciplinary Council For Breaching Contrac
· Report: Iranian Revolutionary Guards' sectarian activity rises in Sunni are
· Honest Hajj Pilgrim Returns Bag With Cash And Jewelry
· Islamophobia Holding Back UK Muslims In Workplace, Study Finds
· Message of Felicitation of the Esteemed Amir-ul-Momineen, Shiekh-ul-Hadith Hibat
· The Iranian Land Route to the Mediterranean: Myth or Reality?
· Mourning For 9/11, But Please Mourn For The Rest Of The World Too
· Trump's strategy is rejected both by America and the region
· Another Reality of 9/11, 16 Years Later: Reflections of a Pakistani Muslim Woman
· England Is Now More Pro-immigrant - But It's More Islamophobic Too
· Iran: A regime With No Future - Examining Khonenie Foreign Affairs, Defense And
· 407,000 Pilgrims Leave Saudi Arabia After Performing Hajj
· Man Who Set Dog On 2 Muslims And Ordered It To Bite Them Jailed For 2,5 Years
· US Pilgrims: Hajj Shows Tolerance, Peace And Patience Among Muslims

Older Articles

English

- Home
- Top 10
- Topics
- Submit News
- Search
- English Forums
- English Members
- Reviews
- Private Messages
- Survey
- Journal
- Stories Archive
- Content
- Web Links
- Downloads
- FAQ
- Recommend Us
- Encyclopedia


Giving A Voice To The Voiceless: The 'Invisible' Victims Of Islamophob
 
 
Let Kill Islamophobia Let Kill Racism Giving A Voice To The Voiceless: The 'Invisible' Victims Of Islamophobia

A recent study on hate crime revealed an escalation of violence against non-Muslim British men when they are perceived to look 'like a Muslim'

Imran Awan

In August 2016, six teenage boys were arrested in Harlow, Essex, after Polish immigrant Arkadiusz Jóźwik died following a brutal street attack which his brother said began after he was heard speaking Polish on the street.

The decision to leave the EU in some cases emboldened people to express their feelings of hate and "legitimised" the prejudice that they had by empowering them to express and verbalise those feelings.

An escalation of violence

As part of hate crime awareness week, I was in Parliament this week to discuss the impact of such hate crimes upon non-Muslim British men and the rise in trigger events that lead to an escalation of violence against them. Research has shown that victims of hate crime internalise the experience, so much so that it becomes "normalised".

The types of hate they experienced included being targeted in public spaces such as shopping centres, on the train and in car parks.

*Amit, a hate crime victim, told us that:


"This week, I went to the supermarket and I was verbally abused in the car park. In another incident, I was on the train, and I was working on my laptop. Another passenger told me to get off the train as I was using my laptop suspiciously. I switched off my laptop and got off at the next stop to calm down the situation. The worst part is that no one tried to intervene."

Interestingly, participants also noted how their appearance also acted as a trigger for the types of hate and abuse they suffered. For example, if they were perceived to look "like a Muslim" because they had a beard, then they were more likely to be verbally abused and called a "traitor" and a "terrorist".

*Dwayne, another victim, spoke about the experience of hate he had to deal with.

"It's happened to me ever since I grew a beard. I'm not a Muslim but people stare at me because they think I am. After the Woolwich terrorist attack, people kept giving me looks, even the bus drivers stared at me. I sat down on the bus, there are actually people who need a seat but they never sit next to me."

Hate crimes are not solely committed by verbal or physical abuse directed against the victim. In some cases hate crimes can target someone by vandalising their property with racist graffiti because the perpetrators believe the victims are Muslim. For example, *Aftab, another victim, stated that:

"We moved to this area, and we went to introduce ourselves to the neighbours and they said: 'Oh, we had another Muslim family before you and we drove them out.' We were totally shocked."

Feeling fearful

Research data illustrates that the nature of Islamophobia can have emotional, psychological, behavioural, physical and financial consequences when experiencing anti-Muslim hate crime. For example, we found that many individuals reported that they suffered anxiety, depression, physical illness, loss of income and employment. Specifically, experiences of anti-Muslim hate crime had provoked feelings of insecurity, vulnerability and anxiety amongst participants.

They unanimously reported feeling fearful for their personal safety in public, as indicated in the following comments. Jayesh, a victim of hate crime, stated that he was living in fear of being targeted because of his perceived Muslim identity.

"We live in fear every day. We face abuse and intimidation daily but we should not have to endure this abuse."

Clearly, participants feared for their safety although this sense of vulnerability depended upon the geographical area in which they were located. For example, participants explained that they felt safer in diverse cities. In contrast, in less diverse areas, the sense of vulnerability as well as the risk of attack was perceived to be significantly higher.

As a result, participants argued that they avoided mixing with individuals who were not familiar with "difference".

This infers that the impact of fear of future attacks had restricted participants' freedom of movement. Furthermore, feelings of insecurity were exacerbated by the fact that these incidents usually took place in public places in view of people passing-by who did not intervene to help them.

The fact that no one would normally intervene to help victims had culminated in feelings of loneliness and isolation. After our study, the people we interviewed provided us with recommendations that they would like to see happen. This included, better pubic visibility of hate crime awareness on public transport, bystander training for front-line workers and helping support victims through police recording of hate crimes.

If we can go some way in helping victims address these concerns, we may be one step closer to challenging hate crimes.

*All participants' real names from the study have been removed and made anonymous

- Imran Awan is an associate professor in criminology and an expert on issues related to Islamophobia, cyber hate, policing, security and counter-terrorism. He is the author of a number of papers and books in this area and is editor of Islamophobia in Cyberspace: Hate Crimes Go Viral (2016).
 
 
 Posted By Posted On Sunday, September 22 @ 03:25:46 PDT By MediaEnglishTeam
 
 
:-: Go Home :-: Go Top :-:
 
 
 
Comments & Debates :-: التعليقات والمحاورات

 
 
For Your Membership Comments And Registered Debates Please, See Below Or Register Here :-: للحصول على تعليقات عضويتك و مناقشات الأعضاء انظر من فضلك أدناه أو سجّل هنا
 
 
:-: Go Home :-: Go Top :-:
 

Related Links

· More About Let Kill Islamophobia Let Kill Racism
· News By MediaEnglishTeam


Most Read Story About Let Kill Islamophobia Let Kill Racism:
So, You Pass Your Neighbour? – (Part II): Mass Murder In Slow Motion


Article Rating

Average Score: 0
Votes: 0

Please Take A Second And Vote For This Article:

Excellent Very Good Good Regular Bad

Options


 Printer Friendly Printer Friendly


Associated Topics

Let Kill Islamophobia Let Kill Racism

"Giving A Voice To The Voiceless: The 'Invisible' Victims Of Islamophob" | Login/Create An Account | 0 Comments
The Comments Are Owned By The Poster. We Aren't Responsible For Their Content. Meanwhile, We Invite Readers To Report Any Abusive, Unsuitable And/or Islamophobic Contents

No Comments Allowed For Anonymous, Please Register
 

 
EsinIslam The Muslim World Portal For Islamics, News, Fatwas, Audios, Videos, Muslim News, Quranic Islamic Articles, Radio, Audio Quran, TV Channels, Fatwa Rulings, Muslim News Newspapers Magazines Headlines Articles Forums Schools, Universities, Colleges, Mosques, Qur'an, Hadith, Sunnah, Fiqh, Prayers, Salat, Fasting Ramadan, Vidoes, Books On EsinIslam.Com And Muxlima.Com

  







:-: Go Home :-: Go Top :-: